At first glance, it was a City Council meeting like any other: Councilors discussed local ordinances, recognized a retiring city employee, and listened to constituents’ concerns.
But this particular meeting, held last fall in Staunton, was more than an exercise in civics — it was an opportunity to shore up democracy in the United States and abroad.
A large group of visitors from Mongolia lined the seats in the back of the meeting room, having come to experience local government and citizen participation in action. They were part of the Leaders Advancing Democracy Mongolia program, which provides emerging democratic champions with leadership training and civic engagement skills and has driven remarkable change in Mongolia.
LEAD fellows are among the country’s most promising future leaders. They help children get quality education in remote areas, fight corruption in government, and stand up to sexual harassment and domestic abuse.
But the program has also left its mark on communities across Virginia.
It has done so through the power of international exchanges. Funded by USAID and implemented by World Learning, a Washington, D.C.-based non-government organization, the program provides emerging democratic champions with leadership training and civic engagement skills. As part of their training, LEAD fellows visit Virginia and Washington, through exchanges organized in partnership with the University of Virginia Center for Politics.
These cross-cultural exchanges provide LEAD fellows and U.S. citizens alike the opportunity to share knowledge and cultivate relationships. Those experiences have lasting results — in many forms.
» Promoting global alliances and stability. “It was an opportunity to witness with my own eyes how the public hearing and city council meeting happens,” LEAD fellow Enkhbayar Batsukh said of the City Council meeting. “[Mongolia hasn’t] yet developed this culture of civic engagement.”
Mongolian democracy is young, having emerged in 1990 after a peaceful revolution. LEAD Mongolia fellows are committed to ensuring the longevity of their hard-earned democratic system — and this international exchange helps them do so. They visit places like Montpelier to learn how U.S. democracy was founded, and they see how it is sustained today by attending city council meetings and expert talks.
These visits have exponential benefits for the global community, according to Daman Irby, director of global initiatives at the UVa Center for Politics. Democratic countries are among the strongest U.S. allies — and LEAD fellows return home better equipped to advocate for their country’s democratic system. “Our nation benefits when other countries have peace and freedom,” he says. “They’re better trading partners and better friends.”
Staunton Mayor Carolyn Dull, who met with the LEAD Mongolia fellows after the City Council meeting, says these exchanges help strengthen U.S. democracy as well by reinforcing the ideals upon which the United States was founded and which are enshrined in our Constitution.
“To hope for a more perfect union, you’ve got to know each other,” she says. “You can’t stay strangers.”
» Building cross-cultural relationships. While global alliances are critical for security and stability, Mayor Dull says there’s great value in building cultural bridges at the individual level as well.
“People tend to hate things they don’t know or are afraid of,” she says, citing the rare and valuable opportunity for Staunton residents to meet people from Mongolia and learn about its culture.
Throughout all its international exchange programming, the UVa Center for Politics creates ample opportunities for Charlottesville-area residents to connect with visitors, who attend bluegrass festivals, football games, rodeos. Irby even recalls taking a group of South Asian visitors to a fiddlers’ convention, where they immediately bonded with locals who were camping out on the convention grounds.
“Inevitably when you get people together, it’s impossible not to develop a greater understanding of the other people,” Irby says. “If nothing else, just seeing that they are, in fact, people.”
When people meet LEAD fellows, he adds, they come to understand Mongolia beyond Genghis Khan and nomadic farmers.
And, sometimes, they even develop lasting connections. Irby recalls a recent dinner at the Barbeque Exchange in Gordonsville. He was surprised when chef Craig Hartman came out of the kitchen to thank him for bringing a group of 30 LEAD fellows to the restaurant months before. Hartman told Irby that he was still in touch with some of the Mongolian visitors on Twitter and Facebook.
“They really are connecting with the community,” Irby says.
For others, hosting international visitors might be their first exposure to a larger world. Patricia Trice, superintendent of the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind, says visits from LEAD fellows are good for her students, most in grades K-12, who often face exclusion and thus are behind socially and in world knowledge. VSDB teachers point out Mongolia on the map and talk a little about the country before LEAD fellows come to visit. “Some [students] still may not understand that concept,” Trice says. “But it’s still giving them a sense that this is someone who doesn’t live here. It just broadens their horizons.”
» Sharing best practices. Exchange programs also provide a platform for people in both the nonprofit and the business community to share best practices, build their networks, and advance their interests globally.
VSDB, for example, often receives requests from people around the world wishing to tour its facilities, such as the independent living apartments, where students learn life skills like paying bills and preparing meals. Trice says it’s only natural to accommodate these requests as information-sharing is critical to improvement. In fact, she also sends her administrative team to schools in other states to learn about how they’re implementing new practices.
“We’re all about giving back to the field and we feel like we have a lot to share,” Trice says. “For countries where their services for disabilities are minimal, if none, we want to be able to try to help increase their services and see what we can share with them.”
In Mongolia, that has already made a difference. LEAD fellows have become outspoken advocates for deaf education in a country that has only one school for deaf and hard-of-hearing children. In 2017, Mongolian students erupted in protest over their teachers’ refusal to use sign language in class. Lkhagya Erdene, a LEAD fellow and executive news producer at Mongol TV, moderated a live panel debate about the issue. It was the country’s first public debate on sign language. Then, last year, Tuul Batsuren, a LEAD fellow and teacher at the school, helped her students rally yet again to replace their useless emergency system — a ringing bell — with a system of lights.
Stories like that are rewarding for Trice. “It makes you feel like all the work you put into your school helped somebody else,” she says. “That’s what it’s all about. Everybody’s got the same goal. So, I’m like, gosh, don’t keep anything secret. What do I have that you could use and what do you have that I could use?”
These exchanges help Trice and her staff improve services for VSDB’s international student population by giving them insight into the resources (or lack thereof) their students may have had prior to enrolling.
“It’s hard for us to understand a student not having access to education,” she says. “Not just being able to go to school, but having a program that’s fully accessible for people with disabilities.” That insight can help them better meet those students’ needs.
» Economic benefits and beyond. Virginia reaps even more benefits from international exchange programs. Tourism is a major industry in the state, which houses some of the nation’s most treasured historic sites including the homes of several of Founding Fathers. According to the Virginia Tourism Corporation, in 2017 the state’s tourism revenues reached $25 billion, which supported 232,000 jobs, $5.9 billion in salaries and wages, and $1.73 billion in state and local taxes.
Though LEAD Mongolia may account for only a small fraction of that revenue, Irby maintains that the program has a real impact on local businesses. It supports local restaurants like the Barbeque Exchange as well as hotels in Charlottesville, Virginia Beach, and beyond. LEAD fellows also get plenty of time to shop for souvenirs, clothing, and other items.
People and organizations across Virginia seem to appreciate their engagement. Irby says groups rarely turn him down when he asks if he can bring a sizable group of Mongolian professionals to visit with them. Not only is the UVa Center for Politics well known and respected across the state, but he says people are also fascinated by the opportunity to meet visitors from Mongolia.
That, ultimately, is why World Learning and the UVa Center for Politics plan to continue to cultivate international exchanges: People everywhere have so much to learn about one another and the world. When people get to know each other, good things happen.
Carol Jenkins is the CEO of World Learning Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based non-governmental organization. She oversees programs in more than 30 countries.